Contoh Soal Explanation Text

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How Volcanoes Erupt

Indonesia is situated in the ring of fire that extends from Nusa Tenggara, Bali, Java and ends in Atlantic Ocean. Like other countries in Circum-Pacific belt, Indonesia has many volcanoes and the country records several volcanic eruptions per year. Do you know how volcanoes erupt?

Hot temperature within the Earth melts rocks. The molten rock becomes a flowing substance with thick consistency known as magma. As magma is lighter than solid rocks, it rises and creates magma chambers. The chamber also contains bubbles of gas. Sometimes, magma runs to the surface through vents. This runny magma is called lava.

But when magma is too thick, it traps gas bubbles that creates pressure within the chamber. Too much pressure can cause an explosive eruption. This type of volcanic eruption is destructive and dangerous. Explosive-type volcanoes can blast hot clouds that destroy anything in their way. The hot clouds come with grey, powdery snow known as tephra that falls back to earth. The ash is dangerous for humans, animals, and plants but it also becomes natural fertilizer.


hat is the main idea of paragraph 2?
How explosive eruption occurs.
Indonesia is situated in the ring of fire.
Hot clouds are destructive.
How magma occurs within Earth.

Correct!

Wrong!

The following statement is true based on the text, except …..
Hot temperature inside the Earth melts rocks.
Magma that runs to the surface is called hot clouds.
Volcanoes have magma chamber created from molten rocks.
Explosive eruption is dangerous.

Correct!

Wrong!

Based on the text above, where does ring of fire ends?
Nusa Tenggara
Atlantic Ocean
Indonesia
Bali

Correct!

Wrong!

Which statement is true based on the explanation text above?
Too much pressure in magma chamber can cause explosive eruption.
Magma is not lighter than solid rocks.
Explosive eruption is not caused by gas pressure.
Hot clouds bring white snow.

Correct!

Wrong!

What is tephra?
Runny magma created from molten rocks.
Gas bubbles trapped in magma chamber.
Grey and powdery snow that comes with hot clouds when explosive eruption occurs.
Flowing substance with thick consistency.

Correct!

Wrong!

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Contoh Soal Explanation Text

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